In the P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology aerosol studies were started in 1949 by A.P.Lisitzin [Lisitzin, 1955]. During more than 300 expeditions onboard research vessels of P.P.Shirshov Institute of Oceanology to all oceans and many seas huge material was obtained on distribution, composition and properties of aerosols in the marine boundary layer[Lisitzin,1955, 1996, 2011, 2014; Shevchenko, 2003; Klyuvitkin et al., 2004; Lukashin and Novigatsky, 2013] (Fig. 1). The results of these studies are compared and supplemented by published data of Russian and foreign scientists.