The Lab was set up in 1974 on academician RAS A.S. Monin’s initiative. The Lab’s founder and head (till 1998) was Professor, Doctor of Physics and Mathematics V.M. Kamenkovich, from 1998 the head is Doctor of Physics and Mathematics G.M. Reznik. Main line of inquiry of the Lab – theoretical description of large-, synoptic-, and meso-scale processes in the ocean and atmosphere which determine the Earth’s climat and weather (Russian, English languages).